Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers (VHFs) are a diverse group of animal and human illnesses that are caused by five distinct families of RNA viruses. All types of VHF are characterized by fever and bleeding disorders. Some of the VHF agents cause relatively mild illnesses, while others, such as the Ebola virus, can cause severe, life-threatening disease.
Management of Cases
The following is guidance on Viral Haemorrhagic Fever (VHF) from the Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens (ACDP).
Infection Control and Waste Management
Both of the resources below can be accessed on the NHS Education for Scotland website.
Management of the Febrile Traveller
A webinar was presented by Dr Alisdair MacConnachie, NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde on 07 October 2014.
The webinar uses case histories to illustrate the common travel associated causes of fever in travellers with particular attention to Viral Haemorrhagic Fever risk assessment.
The learning outcomes of this presentation is to:
- Understand the common causes of fever in returning travellers.
- Appropriately investigate and manage febrile travellers.
- Risk assess travellers of Viral Haemorrhagic Fever and ensure appropriate care of "high risk" patients.
Viral Haemorrhagic Fever (VHF) - The correct order for donning and the safe order for removal and disposal of Personal Protection Equipment (PPE)
In order to further support the ongoing Viral Haemorrhagic response in Scotland, NHS Education for Scotland/Health Protection Scotland in partnership with NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde and NHS Ayrshire and Arran have produced a short film clip (24 minutes) entitled Viral Haemorrhagic Fever - The correct order for donning and the safe order for removal and disposal of Personal Protection Equipment.
There is also a slide set based on the content of the film clip and also a short summary sheet reflecting the steps involved in the donning and removal and disposal processes of PPE in relation to VHF.
Guidance in Specific Settings