A total of 1,618 cases of imported malaria were reported in the UK in 2016, according to recently published annual data, 15.6% higher than reported in 2015. These were all from falciparum malaria acquired in Sub-Saharan and Southern Africa. Cases were reported in England (1,529), Scotland (58), Wales (25) and Northern Ireland (6).
Over the past 10 years (between 2007 and 2016), the total number of malaria cases reported in the UK each year has been fluctuating around a mean of 1,533. This is a significant decrease of 21% (p<0.01) compared to the mean for the previous 10 years (1,944).
Six UK deaths were associated with malaria importations in 2016, the same number as in 2015. Most cases in 2016 were caused by Plasmodium falciparum, which is consistent with previous years. [Source: Health Protection report, 8 September 2017. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/health-protection-report-volume-...]
The report ‘Malaria imported into the UK 2016: implications for those advising travellers’ can be accessed at
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/malaria-in-the-uk-annual-report while analysis of recent years’ figures for Scotland was published in July at http://www.hps.scot.nhs.uk/ewr/redirect.aspx?id=74964.
Further information and advice on malaria can be accessed by clinicians on TRAVAX at http://www.travax.nhs.uk/malaria.aspx and by members of the public on fitfortravel at http://www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk/advice/malaria.aspx.