Campylobacter is the most common bacterial cause of infectious intestinal
disease in the industrialised world. Most infections in people are C. jejuni
(91%) and C. coli (9%).
Risk factors include:
consumption of raw or undercooked meat, especially poultry
doorstep delivered milk where the top has been bird pecked
Most cases are sporadic and outbreaks are rare.
Main clinical features
Abdominal pain, diarrhoea, bloody diarrhoea, fever, nausea and/or vomiting, general
malaise. Sequelae include Guillain-Barré syndrome.
Usually 2 - 5 days, but can be as long as 11 days.
Voluntary laboratory reports and surveillance of general outbreaks of infectious
intestinal disease. Campylobacter isolates are reported as species.