Gastrointestinal & Zoonoses

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Gastrointestinal & Zoonoses



Campylobacter is the most common bacterial cause of infectious intestinal disease in the industrialised world. Most infections in people are C. jejuni (91%) and C. coli (9%).

Risk factors include:

  • consumption of raw or undercooked meat, especially poultry
  • barbecued food
  • unpasteurised milk
  • doorstep delivered milk where the top has been bird pecked
  • untreated water
  • animal contact
  • travel abroad.

Most cases are sporadic and outbreaks are rare.

Main clinical features

Abdominal pain, diarrhoea, bloody diarrhoea, fever, nausea and/or vomiting, general malaise. Sequelae include Guillain-Barré syndrome.

Incubation period

Usually 2 - 5 days, but can be as long as 11 days.


Voluntary laboratory reports and surveillance of general outbreaks of infectious intestinal disease. Campylobacter isolates are reported as species.

Surveillance Tables


Last reviewed: 04 June 2009