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Care equipment and the environment is easily contaminated with blood, other body fluids, secretions, excretions and infectious agents. Correct decontamination - which is cleaning, disinfection and sterilisation – of healthcare equipment and environment is essential to prevent Healthcare Associated Infections (HAI).

Processes need to be in place within healthcare settings to ensure the environment, for example patient rooms, and equipment, for example commodes, are sufficiently decontaminated.

The National Infection Prevention and Control Manual provides mandatory guidance on decontamination of care equipment and the care area along with literature reviews and further guidance can be found in the Decontamination section of the HAI Compendium.