The content of the care bundles featured here has been superseded by the targeted
literature reviews undertaken by HPS in 2011/12.
Please refer to
these literature reviews and summary of key recommendations.
NHS Boards are strongly encouraged to map the content of their bundles and tools
against the recommendations presented within the links provided.
Peripheral Vascular Catheters (PVC)
Peripheral Vascular Catheter (PVC) related infections are the third leading cause
of device related bacteraemia. They cause BSIs by enabling microorganisms to gain
direct access to the blood stream. Microorganisms come from contaminated hubs/connections,
hands of HCWs, the patient's skin at the insertion site and contaminated drugs/infusions.
A pre-existing site of infection can also cause infection of the catheter; the microorganisms
in this case are spread via the blood. Once microorganisms enter, biofilm forms
on the lumen surface and as a consequence the catheter becomes infected. Contaminated
drugs/infusions cause infection within hours of being administered.
PVC Care Bundle