International Issues

You are in: Skip Navigation LinksHPS Home | International Issues | Zika Country Risk

Evidence of Zika Transmission by Country

Previous update: 10 January 2017
This update: 25 May 2017

Any changes since previous update are highlighted in the table below.

Please note these categorisations are specifically to inform pre-travel advice. To aid diagnosis for returning travellers, especially pregnant women with travel history during pregnancy, please refer to areas with active transmission in the last 9 months provided by ECDC.

Risk Specific Travel Advice

Travel advice regarding Zika virus infection should be tailored to the individual. This will depend on:

  1. The Zika virus risk of their countries/territories/areas of travel
  2. Whether the individual or their sexual partner is perceived as being at increased risk from complications of Zika virus infection
Country
Risk Rating
Travel advisory for
pregnant women
Individual
risk assessment
High Pregnant women should postpone non-essential travel Yes for all travellers but strongly recommended for pregnant women Moderate Pregnant women should consider postponing non-essential travel Yes for all travellers but strongly recommended for pregnant women Low Individual risk assessment advised pre-travel to discuss low risk Yes for all travellers but strongly recommended for pregnant women Very Low No Yes for all travellers

High Risk

This table shows:

All countries/territories/areas reporting increasing or widespread Zika virus transmission in the past 3 months

OR

Countries/territories/areas, in the main outbreak regions (Latin America, Caribbean & Pacific), reporting sporadic Zika virus transmission in the past 3 months

Definitions of sporadic and widespread are as per  ECDC.

Country, Territory or
Area
Transmission
(where current)
Region American Samoa Widespread Pacific Anguilla Widespread Americas Antigua and Barbuda Sporadic Americas Argentina (Tucumán Province)Widespread Americas ArubaWidespread Americas Bahamas Sporadic Americas Barbados Widespread Americas Belize Widespread Americas Bolivia Widespread Americas Bonaire, Netherlands Widespread Americas Brazil Widespread Americas British Virgin Islands Sporadic Americas Cape Verde Widespread Africa Cayman Islands Sporadic Americas Colombia Widespread Americas Costa Rica Widespread Americas Curaçao Widespread Americas Cuba Sporadic Americas Dominica Widespread Americas Dominican RepublicWidespread Americas Ecuador Widespread Americas El Salvador Widespread Americas Fiji Widespread Pacific French Guiana Widespread Americas Grenada Sporadic Americas Guadeloupe Widespread Americas Guatemala Widespread Americas Haiti Widespread Americas Honduras Widespread Americas Jamaica Widespread Americas Martinique Widespread Americas Mexico Widespread Americas Micronesia Widespread Pacific Nicaragua Widespread Americas Montserrat Sporadic Americas Panama Widespread Americas Paraguay Widespread Americas Palau Sporadic Pacific Peru Widespread Americas Philippines Widespread Asia Puerto Rico Widespread Americas Saba, Netherlands Sporadic Americas Saint Barthelemy Widespread Americas Saint Lucia Widespread Americas Saint Martin Widespread Americas Samoa Widespread Pacific Singapore Widespread Asia Sint Eustatius Sporadic Americas Sint Maarten Widespread Americas St Kitts & Nevis Sporadic Americas St Vincent & Grenadines Widespread Americas Solomon Islands Sporadic Pacific Suriname Widespread Americas Thailand Widespread Asia Trinidad and Tobago Widespread Americas Turks and Caicos Islands Sporadic Americas United States Virgin Islands Widespread Pacific Venezuela Widespread Americas VietnamWidespread Asia

Moderate Risk

All countries, territories and areas outside the main outbreak regions (Latin America, Caribbean and Pacific) reporting sporadic transmission in the past 3 to 6 months.

OR

Countries, territories and areas in the main outbreak regions that have reported no cases in the past 3 to 6 months.

Country, Territory or
Area
Transmission
(where current)
Region Angola Sporadic Africa Florida (USA)* Sporadic Americas Cameron County (Texas, USA) Sporadic Americas Guinea-Bissau (Bijagos/Bissagos Islands) Sporadic Africa India Sporadic Asia Indonesia Sporadic Asia Malaysia Sporadic Asia Maldives Sporadic Asia New Caledonia Sporadic Pacific Papua New Guinea Sporadic Pacific Tonga Sporadic Pacific

* The risk is considered high in Miami-Dade county, pregnant women are therefore advised to postpone non-essential travel to this area. In addition, sporadic cases of local transmission have been reported in Broward county, Palm Beach county and Pinellas county; the risk in these counties and the rest of Florida is considered moderate. Pregnant women should therefore consider postponing non-essential travel to the rest of Florida until after pregnancy.

Low Risk

Countries, territories and areas outside the main outbreak regions (Latin America, Caribbean and Pacific) with evidence of transmission since 2007 but no reported cases in the past 3 months.

OR

Countries, territories and areas in the main outbreak regions that have not reported cases in the past 6 months..

Country, Territory or Area Region Bangladesh Asia Cambodia Asia Cook Islands Pacific Easter Island (Chile) Americas French Polynesia Pacific Gabon Africa Guyana Americas Laos Asia Marshall Islands Pacific Vanuatu Pacific

Very Low Risk

This table shows countries with historic (prior to 2007) evidence of transmission but no evidence of recent transmission.

Country, Territory or Area Region Burkina Fasoa Africa Cameroon Africa Central African Republic Africa Ivory Coast Africa Nigeria Africa Pakistan Asia Senegal Africa Sierra Leone Africa Tanzania Africa Uganda Africa