This resource pack was initially developed by Health Protection Scotland prior to the G8 summit in 2005, and updated in 2008.
It has been distributed to Accident and Emergency departments and others involved in first line treatment and therefore most likely to be involved in the initial contact with a victim of either an overt or covert attack or deliberate release of a terrorist agent.
Its main aim is to alert clinical staff to the possibility of unusual illnesses presenting in a manner commonly associated with more familiar diseases or exposures.
Particular emphasis has been paid to those agents deemed by the US CDC as those most likely to be used in the event of a terrorist attack. However there are other agents such as industrial chemicals, which could be used in a terrorist attack in addition to new emerging, or re-emerging infections. The principles of responding to casualties exposed to hazardous chemicals, radiological or biological materials are generic, irrespective of the deliberate or accidental release of the agents.