This report provides an update on influenza and other seasonal respiratory pathogen activity for the week ending 02 February 2014. For this season, we will provide detailed influenza update reports on a monthly basis with bulletin style weekly updates in the weeks in between.
This report contains summary epidemiological information on influenza-like illness (ILI) and acute respiratory illness (ARI) activity, its severity and impact in the community and secondary care settings, and vaccine uptake estimates.
The GP consultation rate for influenza-like illness (ILI) and the threshold for normal seasonal activity have been calculated using a new method this season which the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is recommending should be used across the EU. Please refer to the technical document for further information.
A guidance document has been issued by HPS with recommendations for the antiviral treatment and prophylaxis of influenza for the season 2013-14.
In Scotland, clinical influenza activity is increasing though still low overall. However increases in virological activity and an increasing number of severe cases of influenza indicates community circulation of influenza.
Six laboratory confirmed influenza cases with severe infection requiring intensive care management were reported to HPS in the last week (six A(H1N1)pdm09).
The levels of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza, adenovirus and Mycoplasma Pneumoniae (MPN), reported through non-sentinel sources (ECOSS), decreased and were within expected levels. The levels of human metapneumovirus (HMPV) increased and were above expected levels. The levels of rhinovirus decreased but remained above expected levels. The levels of coronavirus increased but were within expected levels.
The levels of respiratory pathogens reported through sentinel sources, decreased and were within expected seasonal levels with exception of the levels of coronavirus that were slightly increased but remained within expected seasonal levels.