This report provides an update on influenza and other seasonal respiratory pathogen activity for the week ending 12 January 2014. For this season, we will provide detailed influenza update reports on a monthly basis with bulletin style weekly updates in the weeks in between.
This report contains summary epidemiological information on influenza-like illness (ILI), its severity and impact in the community and secondary care settings, and vaccine uptake estimates.
The GP consultation rate for influenza-like illness (ILI) and the threshold for normal seasonal activity have been calculated using a new method this season which the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is recommending should be used across the EU. Please refer to the technical document for further information.
A guidance document has been issued by HPS with recommendations for the antiviral treatment and prophylaxis of influenza for the season 2013-14.
In Scotland, clinical and virological influenza activity is still low overall, but is starting to increase. Two laboratory confirmed influenza cases with severe infection requiring intensive care management were reported to HPS in the last week. One influenza A outbreak in a nursing home was reported.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) levels have started to decline. Levels of rhinovirus also decreased compared to previous weeks. Levels of human metapneumovirus were increased and slightly above seasonally expected levels. Levels of parainfluenza virus, adenovirus and coronavirus, were slightly increased, but remained within seasonally expected levels. Levels of Mycoplasma pneumoniae remained low and within expected seasonal levels.