This report provides an update on seasonal respiratory pathogen activity for the 2015/16 season up to the week ending 13 March 2016 (week 10). For this season, we will provide detailed influenza update reports on a monthly basis with bulletin style weekly updates in the weeks in between.
This report contains summary epidemiological information on influenza-like illness (ILI) and acute respiratory illness (ARI) activity, its severity and impact in the community and secondary care settings, and vaccine uptake estimates.
In Scotland, clinical influenza activity as measured by community presentations is increasing and approaching threshold for normal seasonal activity and continuing to have moderate burden on hospital services as evidenced by new cases requiring intensive care management. Continuing community circulation of influenza is further evidenced by increased virology reports of influenza. In those viruses characterised, influenza A (H1N1) pdm2009 is the main virus identified thus far this season though detections of influenza B are increasing.
Over the past four weeks, the levels of seasonal non-influenza respiratory pathogens reported through sentinel sources were stable with the exception of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MPN) which remains high and was above expected seasonal levels in week 10. The levels of rhinovirus, coronavirus, adenovirus and MPN reported through non-sentinel sources were high and above seasonal expectations for at least three of the last four weeks.