This report provides an update on influenza and other seasonal respiratory pathogen activity for the week ending 15 December 2013. For this season, we will provide detailed influenza update reports on a monthly basis with bulletin style weekly updates in the weeks in between.
This report contains summary epidemiological information on influenza-like illness (ILI), its severity and impact in the community and secondary care settings, and vaccine uptake estimates.
The GP consultation rate for influenza-like illness (ILI) and the threshold for normal seasonal activity have been calculated using a new method this season which the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is recommending should be used across the EU. Please refer to the technical document for further information.
A guidance document has been issued by HPS with recommendations for the antiviral treatment and prophylaxis of influenza for the season 2013-14.
In Scotland, clinical and virological influenza activity is low overall; activity has increased compared with last week, but there is little evidence of community spread of influenza. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) levels continued to increase and are consistent with the annual RSV wave. Levels of parainfluenza, human metapneumovirus and rhinovirus were increased and slightly above seasonally expected levels. Levels of adenovirus and coronavirus, reported through the GP sentinel scheme and ECOSS, were slightly increased, but remained within seasonally expected levels. The levels of all other non-influenza seasonal pathogens, reported through the GP sentinel scheme and ECOSS, remained low and within expected seasonal levels.