This report provides an update on seasonal respiratory pathogen activity for the 2015/16 season up to the week ending 17 January 2016 (week 02). For this season, we will provide detailed influenza update reports on a monthly basis with bulletin style weekly updates in the weeks in between.
This report contains summary epidemiological information on influenza-like illness (ILI) and acute respiratory illness (ARI) activity, its severity and impact in the community and secondary care settings, and vaccine uptake estimates.
In Scotland, clinical influenza activity shows signs of only a small increase in community presentations but a larger increase in severe cases being managed in intensive care. Virological influenza activity suggests evidence of continuing community circulation of influenza. In those viruses characterised, influenza A (H1N1) pdm2009 appears to be the main virus identified thus far this season.
Over the past four weeks, the levels of some winter respiratory pathogens reported through the non-sentinel sources (ECOSS) increased and were above expected seasonal levels. The levels of winter respiratory pathogens reported through the sentinel sources remained stable overall. Levels of RSV have now begun to fall (weeks 01-02) in line with the annual RSV wave.