Respiratory Infections

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Respiratory Infections

Record Detail

HPS National Influenza Report - Week ending 22 February 2015 26 Feb 2015

This report provides an update on influenza and other seasonal respiratory pathogen activity for the week ending 22 February 2015. For this season, we will provide detailed influenza update reports on a monthly basis with bulletin style weekly updates in the weeks in between.

This report contains summary epidemiological information on influenza-like illness (ILI) and acute respiratory illness (ARI) activity, its severity and impact in the community and secondary care settings, and vaccine uptake estimates.

The GP consultation rate for influenza-like illness (ILI) and the threshold for normal seasonal activity have been calculated using a new method this season which the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is recommending should be used across the EU. Please refer to the technical document for further information.

In Scotland, clinical influenza activity decreased. The level of GP consultation rates were below the threshold for normal seasonal activity, virological influenza activity remains elevated, is falling, but there is continued evidence of increased community circulation of influenza.

A CMO letter, recommending that antivirals can be used in primary care where clinically appropriate, was issued on the 18th of December 2014 and can be accessed at: http://www.sehd.scot.nhs.uk/cmo/CMO(2014)29.pdf

A guidance document has been issued by HPS with recommendations for the antiviral treatment and prophylaxis of influenza for the season 2014-15.

Three laboratory confirmed influenza cases with severe infection requiring intensive care management (ICU cases) were reported to HPS within the last week (1 influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, 1 influenza A(not subtyped) and 1 influenza type B). Four new outbreaks of acute respiratory infection were reported to HPS in week 08 (3 outbreaks of influenza A(not subtyped) and 1 outbreak of pathogen unknown).

The levels of seasonal respiratory pathogens (respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), rhinovirus, parainfluenza, adenovirus, human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MPN) reported through non-sentinel sources (ECOSS) remained stable with the exception of coronavirus, levels of which increased and were above expected seasonal levels. The levels reported through sentinel sources were stable with the exception of rhinovirus and coronavirus, levels of which increased, but all remained within expected seasonal levels. The levels of adenovirus were increased and above expected seasonal levels.

Publisher(s)
  • Health Protection Scotland
Last Updated : 22/08/2016