This is the first monthly report of the 2015/16 influenza season. This report provides an update on seasonal respiratory pathogen activity reports for the 2015/16 season for the week ending 25 October 2015. For this season, we will provide detailed influenza update reports on a monthly basis with bulletin style weekly updates in the weeks in between.
This report contains summary epidemiological information on influenza-like illness (ILI) and acute respiratory illness (ARI) activity, its severity and impact in the community and secondary care settings, and vaccine uptake estimates.
The GP consultation rate for influenza-like illness (ILI) and the threshold for normal seasonal activity have been calculated using a method this season which the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is recommending should be used across the EU. Please refer to the technical document for further information.
In Scotland, clinical influenza activity remained low and stable. Virological influenza activity suggests that there is evidence of low levels of community circulation of influenza.
Over the past four weeks, the levels of winter respiratory pathogens reported through the non-sentinel sources (ECOSS) increased and were above expected seasonal levels for at least one of the four weeks. The levels of rhinovirus and parainfluenza were increased and above expected levels throughout the four weeks. Increased detections of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are consistent with the annual RSV wave. The levels of winter respiratory pathogens reported through the sentinel sources remained stable.