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Glossary of Terms

This is a list of acronyms and terms that may appear on the HPS website or in HPS publications.

Term Meaning
ACDP Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
ADAT Advanced Data Acquisition Tool
AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AMR Antimicrobial Resistance
ARI Acute Respiratory Infection
ARL Anaerobe Reference Laboratory
ARMRL Antibiotic Resistance Monitoring and Reference Laboratory
ART Anti-Retroviral Therapy
ASP Amnesic shellfish poisoning
BBV Blood Borne Virus
BCG Bacillus Calmette-Guerin
BRU Brucella Reference Unit
BSE Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
CAUTI Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections
CBRN Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear
CCDC Consultant in Communicable Disease Control
CDAD Clostridium Difficile Associated Disease
CDC Centre for Disease Control and Prevention
CDI Clostridium Difficile Infection
CDSC Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre
CG Clinical Governance
CHI Community Health Index
CHP Community Health Partnership
CJD Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
CMO Chief Medical Officer
CMR Continuous Morbidity Recording
CMV Cytomegalo Virus
CNO Chief Nursing Officer
COSHH Control of Sustances Hazardous to Health
CPHM Consultant in Public Health Medicine
CRU Cryptosporidium Reference Unit
CSA Common Services Agency
DDS Decontamination Document System
Defra Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
DH Department of Health
DoH Department of Health
DSP Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning
EARSS European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System
EBLV European Bat Lyssa Virus
ECDC European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
ECOSS Electronic Comunication of Surveillance in Scotland
EDAT Endoscopy Decontamination Audit Tool
EEA European Environment Agency
EHS3 Environmental Health Surveillance System For Scotland
EISS European Influenza Surveillance Scheme
ENIVD European Network for Diagnostics of Imported Viral Diseases
ENSHURE Enhanced Surveillance of Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome
ENTER-NET International surveillance network for the enteric infections Salmonella and VTEC O157
EPA Environmental Protection Act
EPIC European Prevalence of Infection in Intensive Care
EPIET European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training
EPO Emergency Planning Officer
ERNVL Enteric Respiratory and Neurological Virus Laboratory
ESAC European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption
ESBL Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamases
ESMI Enhanced Surveillance of Mycobacterial Infections
ESSTI European Surveillance of Sexually Transmitted Infections
EU IBIS European Union Invasive Bacterial Infections Surveillance
EUROHIV European Centre for the Epidemiological Monitoring of AIDS
EUROTB Surveillance of Tuberculosis in Europe
EUVAC.NET Surveillance Community Network for Vaccine Preventable Infectious Diseases
EWGLI European Working Group for Legionella Infections
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization
FOI Freedom of Information
FOISA Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002
FSA Food Standards Agency
FSML Food Safety Microbiology Laboratory
GIS Geographical Information System
GIZ Gastrointestinal and Zoonoses
GRE Glycopeptide Resistant Enterococci
HAART Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy
HAI Healthcare Associated Infection
HAV Hepatitis A Virus
HBV Hepatitis B Virus
HCV Hepatitis C Virus
HCW Healthcare Worker
HDL Health Department Letter
HDV Hepatitis D Virus
HELICS Hospitals in Europe Link for Infection Control through Surveillance
HEPO Health Emergency Planning Officer
Hib Haemophilus influenzae type B
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HMPV Human Metapneumovirus
HPA Health Protection Agency
HPIV Human Parainfluenza Virus
HPS Health Protection Scotland
HPT Health Protection Team
HPV Human Papillomavirus
HSE Health and Safety Executive
HTLV Human T cell Lymphotropic Virus
HUS Haemolytic Uraemic Syndrome
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IC Infection Control
ICN Infection Control Nurse
ICT Incident Control Team
ICT Infection Control Team
ICU Intensive Care Unit
ID Infectious Disease
IDU Injecting Drug User
ILI Influenza Like Illness
IPV Inactivated Polio Vaccine
IRIDE Inventory of Resources for Infectious Diseases in Europe
ISD Information & Statistics Division
LDSRU Lyme Disease Specialist Reference Unit
LEP Laboratory of Enteric Pathogens
LGV Lymphogranuloma Venereum
LHCAI Laboratory of HealthCare Associated Infection
LRU Leptospira Reference Unit
Malaria RL Malaria Reference Laboratory
MDRTB Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis
MEL Management Executive Letter
Men RU Meningococcal Reference Unit
MIDAS Meningococcal Invasive Disease Augmented Surveillance
MMR Measles Mumps Rubella
MRSA Meticillin Resistant Staphlyococcus Aureus
Mycob RU Mycobacterium Reference Unit
Mycology RL Mycology Reference Laboratory
NCCLS National Commmittee for Clinical Laboratory Standards
NES NHS Education for Scotland
NESISS National Enhanced Surveillance of Infectious Syphilis Scotland
NHS National Health Service
NICE National Institute for Clinical Excellence
NPIS National Poisons Information Service
NRPB National Radiological Protection Board
NSHAIG National Surveillance of HAI Steering Group
NSP Neurotoxic Shellfish Poisoning
NSS National Services Scotland
NV Norovirus
OP Organophosphates
PAH Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
PCAT Primary Care Audit Tool
PCB Polychlorinated Biphenyls
PDL Parasite Diagnostic Laboratory
PEP Post Exposure Prophylaxis
PHIS Public Health Institute of Scotland (now Health Scotland)
PHLS Public Health Laboratory Service (now Health Protection Agency)
PHM Public Health Medicine
PHN Public Health Nurse
PII Patient Identifiable Information
PPC Pollution Prevention and Control
PPE Personal Protective Equipment
PREP Pre Exposure Prophylaxis
PRL Parasitology Reference Laboratory
PSP Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning
QIS Quality Improvement Scotland
RSIL Respiratory and Systemic Infections Laboratory
RSV Respiratory Syncytial Virus
SARiS Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance in Scotland
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SASDAT Scottish Ambulance Service Decontamination Audit Tool
SBVL Sexually Transmitted and Blood-borne Virus Laboratory
SCIEH Scottish Centre for Infection and Environmental Health (now Health Protection Scotland)
SE Scottish Executive
SEAC Spongiform Encephalopathy Advisory Committee
SEERAD Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs Department
SEHD Scottish Executive Health Department

Scottish Environmental Incident Surveillance System
SEPA Scottish Environment Protection Agency
SERL Scottish E.coli Reference Laboratory
SERVIS Scottish Enhanced Respiratory Viral Infection Surveillance
SFELC Scottish Food Enforcement Liaison Committee
SHOW Scotland's Health on the Web
SHPIR Scottish Health Protection Information Resource
SICP Standard Infection Control Precautions
SICSAG Scottish Intensive Care Society Audit Group
SIGN Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network
SLRL Scottish Legionella Reference Laboratory
SMPRL Scottish Meningococcus and Pneumococcus Reference Laboratory
SMRL Scottish Mycobacterium Reference Laboratory
SMRSARL Scottish MRSA Reference Laboratory
SNGRL Scottish Neisseria Gonorrhoeae Reference Laboratory
SNIFFER Scotland and Northern Ireland Forum for Environmental Research
SPDL Scottish Parasite Diagnostic Laboratory
SPIB Scottish Poisons Information Bureau
SPIDER Scottish Pneumococcal Invasive Disease Enhanced Reporting
SPRU Special Pathogens Reference Unit
SRSV Small Round Structured Virus
SSHAIP Scottish Surveillance of Healthcare Associated Infection Programme
SSI Surgical Site Infection
STBRL Sexually Transmitted Bacteria Reference Laboratory
STI Sexually Transmitted Infection
STRL Scottish Toxoplasma Reference Laboratory
TB Tuberculosis
TRU Toxoplasma Reference Unit
TSE Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies
TTP Thrombotic Thrombocytopaenic Purpura
vCJD variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
VOC Volatile Organic Compounds
VRE Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci
VTEC Vero-cytotoxin producing Escherischia coli
VZV Varicella Zoster Virus
WHO World Health Organisation
WNV West Nile Virus