Incidence of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE) in the EU

04 December 2018

Article: 52/4806

On 29 November 2018, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) published its third EU summary report on the monitoring of TSEs in cattle, sheep and goats

TSEs are a group of diseases that affect the brain and nervous system of humans and animals. With the exception of classical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), there is no scientific evidence that TSEs can be transmitted to humans.

The report provides results on data collected by all EU member states, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland for 2017.

The main findings of the report are:

  • no cases of classical BSE in cattle were reported in the EU, out of 1,312,714 animals tested
  • six cases of atypical BSE were reported
  • 933 cases of scrapie in sheep (out of 314,547 tested)
  • 567 cases of scrapie in goats (out of 117,268 tested) in the EU
  • no cases of chronic waste disease (CWD) in any of the 3,585 cervids tested (e.g. reindeer, elk and moose) reported in the EU
  • in Norway, 11 cases of CWD were reported - nine in wild reindeer, one in moose and one in red deer

Source: EFSA, 29 November 2018