Public Health England (PHE) has published a new report which shows that HIV transmission in the UK has continued to fall. The drop in HIV transmission has been especially large among men who have sex with men (MSM), from an estimated 2,300 transmissions in 2014, to 800 in 2018, a fall of 73%. The number of MSM living undiagnosed with HIV has almost halved since 2014, dropping from an estimated 7,000 to 3,600 in 2018.
Across the UK, the scale-up of combination prevention, which includes the use of condoms, HIV testing in a wide range of settings, starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) as soon as possible if positive and the availability of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for those who are negative, is working.
The goal of eliminating HIV transmission by 2030 depends upon sustaining prevention efforts and further expanding them to reach all at risk, and the report shows that because of increases in HIV testing, fewer people remain unaware of their HIV status.
The UK is one of the few countries in the world to have reached and exceeded all UNAIDS 90:90:90 targets. Of the 103,800 people living with HIV in the UK in 2018, 93% were diagnosed, 97% of people diagnosed were receiving treatment and 97% of people receiving treatment were virally suppressed.
The most recent reports on PrEP, HIV diagnoses and treatment and care in Scotland are available via the HPS website.
Source: PHE, 16 January 2020